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'''Eric Arthur Blair''' (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), who used the pen name '''George Orwell''', was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism."Why I Write" in The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell Volume 1 – An Age Like This 1945–1950 p.23 (Penguin) Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction, and polemical journalism. He is perhaps best known for his Utopian and dystopian fiction|dystopian novel ''Nineteen Eighty-Four'' (1949) and the allegorical novella ''Animal Farm'' (1945). His non-fiction works, including ''The Road to Wigan Pier'' (1937), documenting his experience of working class life in the north of England, and ''Homage to Catalonia'' (1938), an account of his experiences in...
PseudonymGeorge Orwell
Birth nameEric Arthur Blair
Birth date{{Birth date|1903|6|25|df=y}}
Birth placeMotihari, India
Death date{{Death date and age|1950|1|21|1903|6|25|df=y}}
Death placeUniversity College Hospital, London, England, UK
Resting placeSutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire, England
OccupationNovelist, political writer and journalist
Alma materEton College
Years active1928–1950
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